Staffing Trends in Public Colleges and Universities: A National Analysis 2001 – 2009
State Higher Education Executive Officers, May 23, 2011
“The international imperative for postsecondary education is growing, and the President has asked states to help America once again become the world leader in postsecondary attainment by 2020. National groups such as the Lumina Foundation for Education, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Complete College America, and the National Governors Association have put forth bold completion goals to facilitate this result. The drive towards this goal comes at a time in which governments at all levels across the United States are facing serious fiscal challenges. According to the Center on Budget Policies and Priorities, 46 states have faced budget shortfalls in 2011 and 44 states expect to face similar challenges in 2012. It is not surprising that both policymakers and state higher education executives are taking a close look at how colleges and universities utilize resources to optimize efficiency and ensure more people have access to and benefit from affordable postsecondary education.
Staffing makes up a large portion of budgets at all institutions of higher education and high quality staff is an essential component of quality education. Given the current context, it is important for systems and institutions to understand current staffing patterns so they can make informed decisions for efficient resource allocation. Current literature in higher education that examines staffing patterns focuses on the distribution of full-time and part-time instructional staff and the composition of staff types (or roles) at colleges and universities. This analysis examines trends in both these areas over time and by Carnegie classification for public colleges and universities.”